Truth About the “Best” Diet in Losing Weight
What is your favourite type of diet?
What are the types of popular diet out there?
These are just some of the most popular questions out there. Most diets, except for If It Fits Your Macros (IIFYM) will eliminate a certain food group. By eliminating any food groups, you are potentially losing an important source of micronutrients that are found only in that food group.
Now, what do you think is the best diet? Well, before you answer, there is no such thing as the one-size-fits-all diet for everyone. You should be finding the best diet for YOURSELF! The short-term effects of many diets are different, but the long-term effects are the same.
The point of any diet is to decrease the caloric intake in order to lose weight. With the success rate for maintaining the diet for longer than a year being under 5%, the best diet is the diet that is the most likely for you to maintain.
A study by Gardner et al. in the journal “Contemporary Clinical Trials” in 2017 titled “DIETFITS study (diet intervention examining the factors interacting with treatment success” gathered a sample pool of 600 generally healthy people aged 18-50 over the period of twelve months to observe if there was a significant difference between low fat and low carbohydrate diets in terms of fat loss.
The study aimed to match different people to different diets instead of finding the best diet for different people. Both groups with individualized matching methods did not have a major difference (<5% initial body weight). In addition, the average in group difference is almost neglectable, (2-3kg differences). However, the recurring extreme outliers (~25kg weight loss to 5kg weight gain) between the groups have shown the difficulties in maintaining the diets.
Stanton, M. V., Robinson, J. L., Kirkpatrick, S. M., Farzinkhou, S., Avery, E. C., Rigdon, J., . . . Gardner, C. D. (2017). DIETFITS study (diet intervention examining the factors interacting with treatment success) – Study design and methods. Contemporary Clinical Trials, 53, 151-161. doi:10.1016/j.cct.2016.12.021